 In this lecture, I’ll take a look at the most important things to know about stochastic calculus in finance. I’ll be discussing the fact that the mathematics of this useful area of mathematical analysis is so complicated that it can seem like a lot of work and not that useful, and the important principles and concepts that can be learned in this area of mathematical analysis.

Many of these concepts are not new, but the way they are taught is. One such concept is the so-called “Black-Scholes-Merton Model”. The “Black-Scholes-Merton Model” is a model for pricing options in the context of finance. The model was developed in the 1980s by two economists, John B. and Warren E. Scholes.

The first model was a textbook in economics that looked at the value of different stocks. The other model, the so-called Brownian-Shake Model, was developed in the 1960s by Richard G. Brown. Brown has been a major influence in the economics of finance since its inception.

In this video I’ll introduce you to the model and highlight the things that are wrong with it. The main problem with the Black-Scholes-Merton Model is that it is a mean-reverting model and not a random-walk model. The reason why this model is not as accurate as other models is that there are many factors that can affect its accuracy.

This model is based on two assumptions: the stock price is normally distributed and the volatility is constant.

Stocks can be expected to move in the mean-reverting model and can be said to be normally distributed. The second part of the model is that the volatility is constant, which means that the stock price is not random. The reason why this model works so well is because it is based on the two assumptions that are wrong. When you make a random-walk model, your stock price will always move toward the mean.

I can’t believe the stock market is a scam. The reason it works so well is because in the mean-reverting model, the stock price does not move toward the mean because of the volatility. However, the volatility is constant, which means that the stock price is not random.

Stock prices are not random. They are based on the mean and the volatility. However, it is very, very difficult to get the volatility down to zero. That means an investor can invest in the stock market without having any idea of the return they are actually getting.

In finance, the model that works the best is the exponential model. That is, the volatility is constant. The mean is set to zero. Then, the stock price moves according to a geometric random walk. In this case, the geometric mean is the volatility. The geometric mean is defined as the midpoint between the upper and lower bound of the distribution of the number of returns, or in other words, the maximum possible return.